What is keystone Jack?
A keystone jack is a standardized plug-in package used to mount low voltage electrical components. It is commonly known as a module, and it is used to connect to various wall plates and patch panels. Consider a keystone jack to be a cube with numerous applications. Each keystone jack serves a different purpose for different cables.
In the front of a keystone jack is an ethernet port. The jack's opening contains numerous pins made of microns of gold. The keystone jacks' openings are designed to accept various modular plugs, which are typically unshielded or shielded RJ45 plugs. The kind is used to connect to ethernet cables like Cat5e, Cat6, Cat6A, and higher.
A punch-down area for the wires in your cables is located on the back end of the keystone jack. To connect to your ethernet cable, the wires are inserted into the contact areas on the back end. Make certain to use the proper wiring scheme: t568A or t568B. After the wires have been punched down and terminated with a punch-down tool, you can connect your keystone jack to one of a variety of accessories.
Keystone Jacks: What Category To Use
One of the first things you should do when looking for a keystone jack is determine what type of cable you have or intend to use. The simplest thing to do here is to match your cable category to the plug category. Cat5e, Cat6, Cat6A, or even Cat8 can be used. By matching the type, you ensure that your cable can perform to its capabilities and specifications. This also ensures that the wires in the cable can fit into the keystone module's contact area.
It's worth noting that some categories are backward compatible with one another. Cat6 cables can connect to Cat5e jacks, and Cat5e cables can connect to Cat6 jacks. However, we do not recommend using the cable on lower category plugs for Cat6A and above. For example, Using a Cat8 cable on a Cat6A/Cat5e jack, or Cat6a on a cat5e/cat6 jack.
Shielded vs. Unshielded Keystone Jacks
The structure type of your keystone jack is determined by your environment. An unshielded keystone jack will be the most popular choice for the majority of installations. This is intended for use in areas where there is no EMI (Electromagnetic interference, ‘interference in an electrical path’). Locations with no EMI, such as homes and commercial buildings.
When there is EMI in your area, shielded keystone jacks are the way to go. Keystone jack shielding is typically die-cast aluminum and is excellent for shielding your network from signal interference. To reap the benefits of the shield inside the cable, keep your entire channel shielded when using a shielded cable. This ensures that every link in your channel is EMI-protected.
Where To Connect Your Keystone Jack?
The most common applications for keystone jacks are to connect them to a wall plate and patch panels. Keystone jacks are made to snap easily into these accessories. A wall plate is a great way to add ethernet connections to different rooms, cubicles, and buildings. They are inexpensive and easy to install on the wall.
Patch panels are ideal for consolidating your network into a single location. These are common in server closets and server rooms. They are usually built with 12 to 48 ports. You are not required to use every port on a wall plate. You're connecting to the keystone jack, which is then linked to the patch panel.
Reference: Niswander, Tom. “How To Choose A Keystone, Jack .” Infinity Cable Products, infinity-cable-products.com, 18 Aug. 2020